Glossary of Terms :: CFS

Glossary of Terms

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14 Appliance
An appliance with 1000 litre water carrying capacity and 4-wheel drive.

22 Appliance
An appliance with 2000 litre water carrying capacity and 2-wheel drive.

24 Appliance
An appliance with 2000 litre water carrying capacity and 4-wheel drive.

24P Appliance
An appliance with 2000 litre water carrying capacity and 4-wheel drive. Pump capability 2000 litres per minute and can carry a specialist resource eg RCR or Hazmat.

34 Appliance
An appliance with 3000 litre water carrying capacity and 4-wheel drive.

34P Appliance
An appliance with 3000 litre water carrying capacity and 4-wheel drive. Pump capability 3000 litres per minute and can carry a specialist resource eg RCR or Hazmat.

AAS
Air Attack Supervisor

Accountable Incident
An Incident that incurs costs outside of the Brigade and Group budgets.

ADF
Australian Defence Force

AFAC
Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council

AFC
Australian Fire Competencies

AFFF
Aqueous Film Forming Foam

AGL
Above Ground Level and Term used in air operations.

AIES
Australian Institute of Emergency Services

AIIMS
Australasian Inter-service Incident Management System

Air Attack
The direct use of aircraft in the suppression of bushfire.

AIRS
Australian Incident Reporting System.

Alarm Call
Emergency telephone call generated to the Local Alarm Number by a member of the public or brigade member.

Alarm Panel
Fire Indicator Panel (FIP) located in the client premises or the brigade station.

ALERTS
Adtec Linked Emergency Response Telephone System

ALERTS Conference
Retrieval of and discussion of information, regarding an emergency between the public caller, volunteer call taker and SOC.

ALERTS PIN
Personal Identification Number. Used with ALERTS to instigate or enter an alarm conference to obtain a Brigade Message.

ALERTS Server
The computers that serve the ALERTS System.

Alpha Particles
A nuclear particle produced by the decay of a radioactive material. The alpha particle is a helium nucleus, consisting of two protons and two neutrons.

AMLRBMC
Adelaide Mount Lofty Ranges Bushfire Management Committee

Anchor Point
An advantageous location, generally a fuel break, from which to start construction of a fire-line. Used to minimise the chance of being out flanked by the fire while the line is being constructed.

ANRARA
Australian National Road Accident Rescue Association

AO
Air Observer

AOM
Air Operations Manager

ARMS
Automated Real Time Mapping System

AS
Australian Standard

Assembly Area
An area where resources are organised and prepared for deployment

ATC
Alcohol Resistant Form

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BA
Brigade Auxiliary Member

Backburn
A fire started intentionally along the inner edge of a fire-line to consume the fuel in the path of a bushfire.

BAL
Bushfire Attack Level

BC
Brigade Captain

BCA
Building Code of Australia

BCAD
Brigade Cadet

Beta Particles
A nuclear particle produced by the decay of a radioactive material. The beta particle is an electron travelling at high speed.

BF
Firefighter

BFSU
Building Fire Safety Unit (CFS)

BFFF
Bush Fire Fighting Foam

BL
Brigade Lieutenant

Blacking Out
See Mopping Up

BOM
Bureau of Meteorology

BMA
Bushfire Management Area

BMAP
Bushfire Management Area Plan

BMC
Bushfire Management Committee

BMPU
Bushfire Management Planning Unit (CFS)

Branched Broomrape
(Orbanche Ramose) Parasitic plant 10-3cm tall that attacks the roots of pasture plants crops and some native plants. Can infest an area through accidental spread of seeds in contaminated soil on vehicles and machinery.

Brigade Messaging
Facility available to leave response messages on Brigade members telephones when GRN paging is unavailable.

Brigade Response Area
The area designated around a brigade as a turnout area and administration area.

Broomrape Branched
Refer Branched Broomrape

BSO
Business Services Officer

BSP
Bushfire Safer Places

BTF
Bushfire Task Force

Bulk Water Carrier
A large tanker used for replenishing a firefighting tanker

Bushfire
An unplanned fire. A generic term that includes grass fires, forest fires and scrub fires.

Bushfire Warning Message (BWM)
A Bushfire Warning Message (BWM) is the highest level of warning to all South Australians, and will generally be issued for wide area community impact.

A Bushfire Warning Message will be issued when a major bushfire is burning out of control in very high to extreme fire weather conditions at the fire, and where CFS is primarily undertaking defensive strategies to protect lives and property.

In addition, the message will also only be issued when the risk of loss or life or threat to properties is almost certain or has occurred.

Bushfire Information Message (BIM)
A Bushfire Information Message (BIM) is issued to the community to provide information about a bushfire, which is yet to be brought under control and is threatening or has the potential to threaten public safety.

This message includes information and advice in relation to the effects a bushfire may have on an area, away from where the bushfire is actually occurring. This information may include details on smoke or road closures.

Bushfire Information Messages are tailored to each specific situation and updated as the bushfire situation changes.

BYO
Busy Out

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CABA
Compressed Air Breathing Apparatus

CAFS
Compressed Air Foam System

Campaign Fire
A fire normally of a size and/or complexity that requires substantial firefighting resources and possibly several days or weeks to suppress.

CAT 1
Category 1 Workplace Trainer

CAT 2
Category 2 Workplace Trainer

CB
Citizens Band Radio

CBR
Chemical Biological Radiological

CCSA
Conservation Council of South Australia

CEO
Chief Executive Officer

CFA
Country Fire Authority (Victoria.)

CFS
Country Fire Service

CFS SCC
Country Fire Service State Coordination Centre

CFSVA
Country Fire Service Volunteers Association

Change of Command
Upon arrival of a more senior officer from the same service or an officer with relevant legislative responsibility for the area in which the incident occurred, that officer may assume command.

Change of Quarters
Term used to describe when a Brigade is placed in active standby in another Brigade Station.

CISM
Critical Incident Stress Management

CMDR
Commander

CO
Chief Officer

COAG
Council of Australian Government

Cold Zone
The cold zone contains the forward control point and other support functions as are deemed necessary to control the incident (see Control Zones).

Combatant Authority
The agency, service, organisation or authority with the legislative authority for control of the incident. Also referred to as the Responsible Authority or Agency.

Command
The direction of members and resources of an agency in performance of the agency´s role and tasks. Authority to command is established by legislation or by agreement with an agency. Command relates to agencies and operates vertically within an agency.

Commanding Officer
The person whom for the time being is at Brigade level, the most senior officer in charge of that CFS Brigade. At Group Level, the most senior officer in charge of the CFS region. (Country Fire Service Regulations, 2003).

Commcen
Communications Centre

Comms
Communications

Confined Space
Enclosed or partially enclosed space, which at atmospheric pressure during occupancy and is not intended as a workspace and may have restricted entry and exit. It may include but not restricted to storage tanks, vessels, boilers, silo, sewers, ducts and shaft. It may also include ship space entered through small hatchway or access point. (OH&S Regs 1995).

Confirmed Incident
Any verbal report of a fire or other emergency. This excludes automatic and manual fire alarm calls that are not supported by verbal confirmation.

Contained Incident
A fire is contained when its spread has been halted, but it may still be burning freely within the perimeter or fire control lines. Other incidents are contained when the spread or growth of the incident has been halted.

Control
The overall direction of response activities in an emergency situation. Authority for control is established in legislation or in an emergency response plan, and carries with it the responsibility for tasking and coordinating other agencies in accordance with the needs of the situation. Control relates to situations and operates horizontally across agencies.

Control Zone
The designation of areas at a hazardous materials incident based upon safety and the degree of hazard. These zones are defined as Hot, Warm, and Cold Zones.

Controlled Incident
The time, which the complete perimeter of a fire is secured, and no breakaway are expected. For other incidents, the time at which the incident is secure and there is no possibility of extension of growth of the incident.

Coordination
The bringing together of agencies and elements to ensure effective response to an incident or emergency. It is primarily concerned with the systematic acquisition and application of resources (agency, personnel and equipment) in accordance with the requirements imposed by the emergency or emergencies. Co-ordination relates primarily to resources and operates: vertically, within and agency, as a function of the authority to command; and Horizontally, across agencies, as a function of the authority to control.

COP
Codes of Practice are a set of principles or rules, which are generally made between two or more individuals, groups or agencies. They enable different agencies to have agreed ways of working together and an understanding of each other´s position.

COSO
Chief Officers Standing Order

Crew
The basic unit of firefighters in a team. It normally consists of four to eight personnel and shall be a minimum of four.

CWA
Country Women´s Association

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DAIS
Department of Administrative and Information Services (old terminology)

DBPC
District Bushfire Prevention Committee (old terminology)

DBPP
District Bushfire Prevention Plan  (old terminology)

DC
Divisional Commander

DC
District Council

DCO
Deputy Chief Officer

Decontamination Officer
The Officer designated as having responsibilities for decontamination

Decontamination Zone
A zone established for decontamination operations and is set up in accordance with the Hazardous Materials Training Manual.

DECD
Department of Education and Child Development

DEWNR
Department of Environment Water and Natural Resources

DPTI
Department of Planning Transport and Infrastructure

Demobilisation
The returning of personnel and equipment from operations to home location.

DEOC
Divisional Emergency Operations Centre

Deployment
Extended participation in an operation usually consisting of 1 day travel, 3 days work, 1 day travel.

DGO
Deputy Group Officer

Direct Paging
Calls originating from SA Metropolitan Fire Service (SAMFS) Communications Centres and calls instigated by Brigade, Group, Region or State Operations Centre.

Division
A portion of the fire perimeter comprising of two or more sectors. The number of sectors grouped in a Division should be such as to ensure effective direction and control of operations. Divisions are generally identified by a local geographic name.

DSC
Deputy State Coordinator

DSU
Distress Signal Unit

Dual Response Area
Any defined area adjacent to the CFS/SAMFS boundary that is mutually agreed and documented for Mutual Aid procedures.

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ECO
Entry Control Officer for CABA operations

EEP
Eastern Eyre Peninsula Fire Ban District

EMA
Emergency Management Australia

EMC
Emergency Management Council (SA)

EPA
Environmental Protection Authority

EPBC
Environment Protection and Bio-diversity Conservation Act (Commonwealth)

ERS7
Emergency Response System (Phone)

Escape Route
A pre-planned route away from danger area at a fire.

ETA
Estimated Time of Arrival

ETRG
Environmental Technical Reference Group (of the SBCC)

EWIS
Early Warning Intercommunications System

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F-FDI
Forest Fire Danger Index

FACU
Fire Alarm Control Unit

FBMC
Fleurieu Bushfire Management Committee

FDI
Fire Danger Index

FDR
Fire Danger Rating

FDS
Fire Danger Season

FFDI
Forest Fire Danger Index

FGP
Fire Ground Practice

FIP
See Alarm Panel

Fire Bombing
A technique of suppressing a bushfire by dropping water, foam or retardants on it from an aircraft.

Fire Danger Index
A relative number denoting the potential rates of spread, or suppression difficulty for specific combinations of temperature, relative humidity, drought effects and wind speed.

Fire Danger Rating
A relative class denoting the potential rates of spread, or suppression difficulty for specific combinations of temperature, relative humidity, drought effects and wind speed, indicating the relative evaluation of fire danger

Fire Danger Rating

What Does it Mean?

What Should I Do?

CATASTROPHIC

Total Fire Ban

  • These are the worst conditions for a bush or grass fire.
  • If a fire starts and takes hold, it will be extremely difficult to control and will take significant fire fighting resources and cooler conditions to bring it under control.
  • Spot fires will start well ahead of the main fire and cause rapid spread of the fire.  Embers will come from many directions.
  • Homes are not designed or constructed to withstand fires in these conditions.
  • The safest place to be is away from bushfire prone areas.

YOU NEED TO ACT NOW

  • Put your survival first and leave bushfire prone areas the night before or early in the day – this is your safest option.
  • Act immediately – do not wait and see
  • Avoid forested areas, thick bush or long, dry grass;
  • Prepare, know and practise a plan for:
    1. When you will leave
    2. How you will get there
    3. What you will do if you cannot leave
    4. Where you will go
    5. When you will return

EXTREME

Total Fire Ban

  • These are very hot, dry and windy conditions for a bush or grass fire.
  • If a fire starts and takes hold, it will be unpredictable, move very fast and very difficult for fire fighters to bring under control.
  • Spot fires will start and move quickly.  Embers may come from many directions.
  • Homes that are prepared to the highest level, have been constructed to bushfire protection levels and are actively defended may provide safety.
  • You must be physically and mentally prepared to defend in these conditions.
  • The safest place to be is away from bushfire prone areas.

YOU NEED TO GET READY TO ACT

  • Only stay with your property if you are prepared to the highest level.  This means your home needs to have been constructed to bushfire protection levels e.g.; enclosed eaves, covers over external air conditioners, metal flyscreens etc.
  • You must be well prepared and able to actively defend your home if a fire starts.  This means you have the right equipment and resources to put out fires around your home e.g.; enough water supply, petrol/diesel portable pump, generator, protective clothing etc.
  • If you are not prepared to the highest level, leaving bushfire prone areas early in the day is your safest option.

SEVERE

Total Fire Ban

  • These are hot, dry and possibly windy conditions for a bush or grass fire.
  • If a fire starts and takes hold, it will be hard for fire fighters to bring under control.
  • Well prepared homes that are actively defended can provide safety.
  • You must be physically and mentally prepared to defend in these conditions.

YOU NEED TO BE AWARE

  • Well prepared homes that are actively defended can provide safety.  This means you have the right equipment and resources to put out fires around your home e.g.; enough water supply, petrol/diesel portable pump, generator, protective clothing etc.
  • If you are not prepared, leaving bushfire prone areas early in the day is your safest option.

VERY HIGH

  • If a fire starts, it is likely to be controlled in these conditions and homes can provide safety.
  • Be aware of how fires can start and reduce the risk.
  • Check your Bushfire Survival Plan.
  • Monitor conditions.
  • Action may be needed.
  • Leave if necessary.

HIGH

LOW - MODERATE

Fireground
The area in the vicinity of a fire suppression operations, and the area immediately threatened by the fire. It includes burning and burnt areas; constructed and proposed fire lines; the area where firefighters, vehicles, machinery and equipment are located when deployed; roads and access points under traffic management control; tracks and facilities in the area surrounding the actual fire; and may extend to adjoining area directly threatened by the fire.

Fireground Practices
A standard document practice for undertaking specific fireground tasks.

Fixed Alarm
A client alarm system connected to a fire station

FMC
Fuel Moisture Content

FMNYBMC
Flinders Mid North Yorke Bushfire Management Committee

FOC
Forest Owners Conference

FPI
Fire Panel Indicator

FPO
Fire Prevention Officer (local government)

Fuel
Any material such as grass, leaf litter and live vegetation, which can be ignited and sustains a fire. Fuel is usually measured in tonnes per hectare.

Fuel Moisture Content
The water content of a fuel particle expressed as a percent of the oven dry weight of the fuel particle (%ODW).

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GAFLC
Government Agencies Fire Liaison Committee

GAFMG
Government Agencies Fire Management Group (formerly GAFLC)

Gamma
Gamma Radiation is a form of electromagnetic radiation, similar to x-ray.

GCC
Group Control Centre

GDO
Group Duty Officer

GFDI 
Grassland Fire Danger Index

General Purpose Tanker
Vehicles with 2000 litres of water, crew space (haven/deck/cabin), standard CFS fire fighting equipment, a minimum of 2.2 type.

GIS
Geographic Information System

GO
Group Officer

Going Incident
Any incident that is expanding or continuing to require an active or escalating response.

GOMP
Group Operations Management Plan

GPS
Global Positioning System

GPSC
Group Primary Simplex Channel

GPTG
Group Primary Talk Group

GR
Grid Reference

GRN
Government Radio Network

GSSC
Group Secondary Simplex Channel

GSTG
Group Secondary Talk Group

GTO
Group Training Officer

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Half-life
The radioactivity of all radioactive materials reduces as time passes. The half-life of a radioactive substance is the average time for one half of any activity or any quantity of atoms to decay or disintegrate.

Hazard Area
Hot Zone or initial isolation zone

HAZMAT
Hazardous Materials

HAZTO
Hazardous Materials Training Officer

Heavy Aircraft
All aircraft that carries greater than 60 passengers.

HF
High Frequency

Hot Zone
The area immediately surrounding a hazardous materials incident, which extends far enough to prevent adverse affects from hazardous materials releases to personnel outside the zone (see Control Zones).

HQ
Headquarters

HR
Human Resources

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IAP
Incident Action Plan

IBMAP
Interim Bushfire Management Area Plan

IC
Incident Controller

ICC
Incident Control Centre

ICS
Incident Control System

IERG
Initial Emergency Response Guide

IIR
Initial Incident Report

Impact File
A fire normally of a size and/or complexity that is dealt with by a single shift, it may require substantial numbers of resources, but is generally concluded with 24 hours.

IMT
Incident Management Team

Incident
An event, accidentally or deliberately caused, which requires a response from one or more of the statutory emergency response agencies.

Incident Action Plan
A statement of objectives and strategies to be taken to control or suppress an incident, approved by the Incident Controller.

Incident Audit Report
An investigation that shall occur after any incident involving a death, which occurred as a result of a structure fire or wildfire.

Incident Control
The overall management of the incident.

Incident Control System
A command structure to systematically and logically manage suppression of emergency incidents including Wildfires, from small, simple incidents to large, difficult or multiple situations. It is designed to develop in modular fashion from the top (Incident Controller) downwards.

Incident Controller
The individual responsible for the management of an incident´s operations.

Incident Management
The group of incident management personnel comprising the Incident.

Incident Management Talkgroup
Talkgroup allocated for the management of an Incident.

Indials
The number used to access the ALERTS servers by authorised officers to leave a Brigade Response Messaging.
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KIBMC

Kangaroo Island Bushfire Management Committee

 

L1,2&3
Level 1, Level 2, Level 3 CFS Training Course

LCBMC
Limestone Coast Bushfire Management Committee

LEP
Lower Eyre Peninsula

LEPBMC
Lower Eyre Peninsula Bushfire Management Committee

LGA
Local Government Association

Light Aircraft
All aircraft, fixed or rotary wing, single or twin engine that carries less than60 passengers.

Light Pumper
Appliance with a light pumping capability (ie 1000 litres/minute @ 700 kpa).

LOG
Logistics

Log / Logging
Documentation of CFS activities in relation to incidents.

Logistics
The provision of facilities, services and materials required to assist in the combat of the incident.

LPG
Liquid Petroleum Gas

LRR
Last Resort Refuges

LSE
Lower South East Fire Ban District

LZ
Landing Zone

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Major Incident
An incident that incurs costs outside of Regional Budgets.

Major Injury Reporting
Procedures in the event of an Immediately Notifiable Work Related Injury of Notifiable Dangerous Occurrence involving a CFS fire fighter.

Media
Any person or organisation employed by or contracted to a television or radio station, wire service providing news information, newspaper or magazine, this is available for consumption by the general public.

Media Liaison Officer (Public Affairs Unit)
A Media Liaison Officer is responsible for the provision of an efficient, effective and timely communication, media liaison and public relations service in support of internal and external corporate communication strategies and programs, emergency incidents and the management of public safety issues.

Medium Pumper
An Appliance with medium volume pump (ie 2000+ litres / minute @ 700 kpa).

MFS
Metropolitan Fire Service

MIDAS
Mission, Information, Develop options Analyse options, Select options

ML
Murray Lands Fire Ban District Area

MLR
Mount Lofty Ranges

MLRPRZ
Mount Lofty Ranges Primary Response Zone

MMBMC
Murray Mallee Bushfire Management Committee

MMSO
Materials Management Support Officer

MN
Mid North Fire Ban District Area

Mobilisation
The moving of assembled and prepared resources to an incident.

Mopping Up
To systematically work the entire are of a fire for a defined distance in from the edge/control line to ensure it is a safe incident.

MOU
Memorandum of Understanding

MSDS
Material Safety Data Sheet

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NAFC
National Aerial Fire Fighting Centre

NEP
North East Pastoral Fire Ban District Area

NERAG
National Emergency Risk Assessment Guidelines

Network
The GRN System accessed by terminal equipment.

Neutron-emitting
A radioactive source that emits neutrons. Neutrons cannot be detected.

NFPA
National Fire Prevention Association

NOCC
(SAGRN) Network Operations Control Centre

NPWS
National Parks and Wildlife Service

NPWSA
National Parks and Wildlife Service of South Australia

NRE
Natural Resources and Environment (Vic.)

NRM
Natural Resources Management

NVC
Native Vegetation Council

NWP
North West Pastoral Fire Ban District

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OBAOC
Operate Breathing Apparatus, Open Circuit

Objective
A goal statement identifying the desired outcomes of an incident.

OBMC

Outback Bushfire Management Committee

Occurrence Book
CFS issued book for logging and documentation of CFS activities.

OCO
Operations Centre Officer

ODW
Oven Dry Weight

Off Field
The area where CFS responds to a RAAF aircraft emergency off field, where the Country Fires Act 1989 applies.

Officer-in-Charge
The Officer is responsible or in charge of a specific group of personnel or appliances.

OH&S
Occupational Health and Safety

OHS&W
Occupational Health Safety and Welfare.

OIC
Officer-in-Charge

On Call
The Designated Officer to be Operationally Available for an area of responsibility.

On Field
The area where RAAF is the combatant authority and civil aviation regulations apply. CFS may respond if requested to an aircraft emergency in this area.

Operations
The active involvement in emergency incident normalisation, or practice or training exercise for members of the CFS organisation. Country Fire Service Regulations, 2003.

OPS
Operations

Outage
Breakdown in communications

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PAR
The Principal Authorised Representative and the person in each agency using SAGRN who is appointed to be responsible for that agency´s use of SAGRN.

PAWS
Portable Automatic Weather Station

Phytophthora
(Phytophora Cinnamomi) Biological fungi, which can have devastating effects on natural habitats that can infest an area through accidental spread of contaminated soil on vehicles and boots.

PID
Position Information Description

PIRSA
Primary Industries and Resources South Australia

PL
Planning

Planning
Collection and analysis of specific information and the planning of response activities as the incident progresses.

PM
Project Manager

POO
Point of Origin

PP
Project Participant

PPC
Personal Protective Clothing

PPE
Personal Protective Equipment

PPV
Positive Pressure Ventilation

Prescribed Burning
The controlled application of fire under specified environmental conditions to a predetermined area and at the time, intensity and rate of spread required to attain planned resource management objectives.

Primary Response Area
The designated response area for a brigade.

Primary Talkgroup
Region wide talkgroup allocated to a Group.

Priority 1
To respond to emergency incident, which requires an urgent response, complying with Rule 306 of the Australian Road Rules and using flashing lights and sirens.

Priority 2
For non-urgent travel, including to an emergency incident where non-urgent attendance is required complying with the Australian Road Rule, siren and flashing lights are not to be used.

PS
Project Sponsor

PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network and the conventional landline telephone system.

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QAV
Quick Attack Vehicle

Quick Attack Appliance
Appliance with 1000 litres of water and a minimum 1.2 type

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RAAF
Royal Australian Air Force

Radiation
Rays produced by the decay of a radioactive material.

Radioactivity
The emission of sub-atomic particles or rays by the nuclei of atoms.

RAO
Regional Administration Officer

RAR
Regional Accident Rescue

RARTO
Regional Accident Rescue Training Officer

Rate of Speed
The progress of a fire expressed as a unit of time over a distance.

RBFPC
Regional Bushfire Prevention Committee (old terminology)

RC
Regional Commander (CFS)

RCC
Regional Cadet Committee

RCC
Regional Coordination Centre

RCord
Regional Coordinator

RCR
Road Crash Rescue

RCRep
Regional Cadet Rep

Relative Humidity
The amount of water vapour in a given volume of air, expressed as a percentage of the maximum amount of water vapour the air can hold at that temperature.

REM
The REM (Radiation Equivalent-Man) is a unit of radiation dose equivalent, now superseded by the Sievert. A REM is one-hundredth of a Sievert.

Reported Incident
On the first notification of an incident, that incident is said to be a reported incident.

Response Plan
A plan detailing the response for a risk or an area including the type and number of resources.

RFPO
Regional Fire Prevention Officer

RFS
Rural Fire Service (NSW)

RH
Relative Humidity

RHQ
Regional Headquarters

Risk Plan
Plan for assets (risk) to detail layout, construction, potential hazards, on-site firefighting equipment and resources and an action plan.

RL
Riverland Fire Ban District

RO
Regional Officer

ROMP
Regional Operations Management Plan

ROPO
Regional Operations Planning Officer (CFS)

ROS
Rate of Speed

RPO
Regional Prevention Officer (CFS)

RPSC
Regional Primary Simplex Channel

RPTG
Regional Primary Tax Group

RSSC
Regional Secondary Simplex Channel

RSTG
Regional Secondary Talk Group

RTO
Regional Training Officer

RVMC
Regional Volunteer Management Committee (CFS)

RVMP
Roadside Vegetation Management Plan

RX
Received

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SA
Staging Area

SAAS
S A Ambulance Service

SABRR
SA Bushfire Risk Register

SACFS
South Australian Country Fire Service

Safe Incident
The stage if fire suppression, prescribed burning or incident response when it is considered that no further suppression or control action or patrols are necessary.

SAFECOM
South Australian Fire and Emergency Services Commission

SAFF
SA Farmers Federation

SAGRN
South Australian Government Radio Network

SAM
Staging Area Manager

SAMFS
South Australian Metropolitan Fire Service

SAPOL
South Australian Police

SAR
Search and Rescue

SARC
State Air Response Coordinator

SASES
South Australian State Emergency Service

SBCC
State Bushfire Coordination Committee

SBMP
State Bushfire Management Plan

SC
State Coordinator

SC
Sector Commander

SCC
State Coordination Centre

SCC
State Cadet Committee

SDI
Soil Dryness Index

SDO
State Duty Officer

SDP
Supplementary Development Plan

Sealed Source
In a sealed source, the radioactive material is encapsulated in a non-radioactive material such as stainless steel. The encapsulation prevents the escape of the radioactive material but allows the radiation to pass through.

Secondary Talkgroup
A Region wide talkgroup allocated by Region in accordance with Communications Section of Regional Response Plan.

Sector
A specific area of a fire, which is under the control of a Sector Commander who is supervising a number of crews.

SEICCC
State Emergency Information Call Centre Capability

SEMC
State Emergency Management Committee (SA)

SEOC
State Emergency Operations Centre

SEPRZ
South East Primary Response Zone

SES
State Emergency Service

SFC
Standards of Fire Cover

SFEC
Standards of Fire and Emergency Cover (CFS)

SFF
Senior Fire Fighter

Shielded Source
A shielded source is stored within a container, often a lead pot, which is designed to prevent radiation from escaping. While the containment is intact, no danger exists from this source.

Shift
The period resources are allocated during an operation at the incident or on the fireground.

Shift Change
Replacement of allocated crews and or equipment during operations.

SHQ
State Headquarters

Sievert
The Sievert is the standard unit of radiation dose equivalent. A micro-Sievert is one-millionth of a Sievert.

Siglnc
Significant Incident

Significant Incident
Paper message to allow timely advice to CFS staff to enable monitoring of current State Wide operational activity and contingency capability.

SIMP
State Information Management Plan

SitRep
Situation Report Brief situation report, usually given at regular intervals (OP3.3).

SITREPS
Situation Report Format

SLG
Strategic Leadership Group

SMD
Skills Maintenance Drill

SMEACS
Situation, Mission, Execution, Admin., Communications, Safety

SOC
State Operations Centre

SOCC
State Operations Call Centre

SOP
Standard Operating Procedures (CFS)

SPAM
Stress Prevention and Management

Span of Control
A concept, which related to the number of groups or individuals, controlled by one person - a factor of 1:5 is recommended.

SRR
State Risk Register (CFS Corporate)

SSL
Scientific Services Laboratory

ST
Strike Team

Staging Area
A location close to the incident where personnel and equipment are available.

Standby
The period during which personnel are to be immediately available at home or at other locations for emergency events.

STC
State Training Centre (Brukunga)

STL
Strike Team Leader

STO
State Training Officer

STOMP
State Operational Management Plan

Stop Call
A responding appliance is not required and is to return to station Priority 2.

Stowage Kit
Standard equipment stowed on an appliance or CFS vehicle.

Strategy
A statement detailing how an objective is to be achieved.

Strike Team
A set number of resources of the same type that have an established minimum number of personnel. Strike Teams always have a leader in a separate vehicle and a common communications system. They are made up of five resources of the same type e.g. earth moving machinery, crews and vehicles.

Structure Fire
A fire burning part, or all of any building, shelter, or other construction.

Support Agency
An Agency, Service, Organisation or Authority providing assistance to the combatant authority.

SVMC
State Volunteer Management Committee

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TAC
Technical Advice Coordinator

Tactic
The tasking of personnel and resources to implement the incident strategies. Incident control tactics are accomplished in accordance with appropriate agency procedures and safety directives. Tactics are normally determined at Division/Sector level with corresponding allocation of resources and personnel.

Talkgroup
Trunking "channel" available on the voice network.

Tanker
Vehicles with a minimum water capacity of 4000 litres, a transfer pump and 30-metre protection hose reel.

TAS
Training Administration System (CFS)

Task
A job given to any firefighting force or unit.

Task Force
A combination of resources assembled for a specific purpose. They always have a leader in a separate vehicle and a common communications system. Task Forces are established t meet tactical needs and may be demolished as single resources.

Team
Controller, and the personnel he or she appoints to be responsible for the functions of Operations, Planning and Logistics.

Terminal Equipment
Portable, mobile and base station radios.

TF
Task Force

TFB
Total Fire Ban

TFL
Task Force Leader

Total Fire Ban
A ban on lighting and maintaining of a fire in the open, and can be invoked at any time during the year. When invoked, the Total Fire Ban is imposed for a period of 24 hours, from midnight to midnight, but may also be imposed for part of a day or days. (Country Fire Service Regulations, 2003)

TPW
Training Provider Workshop

Turnout
Respond a brigade or appliance to an incident.

Turnout Gear
Standard personal protective clothing and equipment used at incidents eg overall, helmet, boots, gloves, turnout coat, goggles and safety glasses.

Tx
Transmit

Type 1 Incident
Small. Simple to manage. Small number of resources. Minimal threat or impact to the general community. Managed by 1 to 3 personnel.

Type 3 Incident
Large. Complex. Divided into sectors and divisions. There may be multiple shifts and numerous other agencies involved. Significant threat or impact to community.

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UBD
Universal Business Directory

UEPBMC
Upper Eyre Peninsula Bushfire Management Committee

UFU
United Fire Fighters Union

UHF
Ultra High Frequency

Urban Pumper
Appliance with large volume pump (ie 3000+litres/minute @ 700 kpa) and stowage principally used for urban fire fighting.

USAR
Urban Search and Rescue

USE
Upper South East Fire Ban District Area.

User ID (Alias)
The five-digit identification number assigned to a particular radio terminal (and the name assigned to that terminal).

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VBRC
Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission

VFBA
Volunteer Fire Brigades Association

VHF
Very High Frequency

VMB
Volunteer Management Branch

Volunteer Call Takers
Those people nominated by a Group or Brigade to answer Alarm Calls on the ALERTS.

VSO
Volunteer Support Officer

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Warm Zone
The control zone at a hazardous materials site where personnel and equipment decontamination and hot zone support takes place. It includes control points for the access corridor, helping to reduce the spread of contamination (see Control Zones).

WC
West Coast Fire Ban District Area

Wx
Weather

ZEC
Zone Emergency Centre

ZEMC
Zone Emergency Management Committee

ZEMPO
Zone Emergency Management Planning Officer

ZEOC
Zone Emergency Operations Centre

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