All the fire engines, trucks and other emergency service vehicles used by SA Country Fire Service (CFS) are known as "appliances". Currently the CFS has a fleet of 784 vehicles in use throughout the State, these include tankers, urban pumpers, pumper/tankers, bulk water carriers, rescue and command vehicles.
The CFS aims to replace all of its appliances before the end of the 20th year in service. Since 2000 the CFS has been replacing appliances with air-conditioned Crew Cab/Chassis. These Chassis provide a greater level of comfort for volunteers when travelling to and from incidents and during training exercises. When responding to an incident the Crew Cab design also provides an opportunity for the crew to discuss strategies and tactics to be employed on arrival at the incident and for the Officer to give clear instructions to the crew.
When specifying new appliances the CFS seeks continuous improvement on previous years models. Therefore each year there may be some variations to the detail of appliances but the basic layout of the lockers and tray area has changed little in recent years.
A vehicle designed primarily for firefighting, based on a 4x4 chassis.
A vehicle designed primarily for urban responses including building fires, road crashes, hazardous material spillages, vehicle fires, etc. Usually on a 4x2 chassis and has the ability to carry a more diverse range of equipment.
A combination of a pumper and a tanker. This type of appliance has equipment and pump performance to suit building fires, road crashes or hazardous material spillages, vehicle fires, etc., but also maintains offroad ability for rural firefighting. Based on a 4x4 chassis.
|Bulk Water Carriers||
A vehicle designed primarily for transport of large quantities of water and is used for replenishing water supplies on tankers at the fire ground.
A vehicle designed primarily for use at road crash rescues and may also carry other types of rescue equipment.
|Special Purpose Vehicles||
A vehicle designed for any other specific purpose not included above. This may include a specialist hazardous response vehicle or a mobile communications vehicle.
|Command Cars||A 4x4 station wagon equipped with necessary communications, mapping and incident support material in order to undertake command, control or coordination functions.|
The SA Country Fire Service operates in a continuous improvement environment. Therefore appliances have evolved over time and continue to do so.
Some notable improvements that have been achieved since the 1980's include:
- Improved crew protection including:
- Air conditioned dual cab appliances
- Heat reflective roll down blinds in vehicle cabins
- Water spray protection for the vehicle cabin
- Fresh air breathing system for vehicle cabin occupants
- Improved design of the crew protection system on the rear firefighting platform
- Improved pumping performance
- Hose reels mounted above the tray to reduce the incidence of damage from rough terrain
- All equipment is accessible from ground level, no need to pass items down from the tray
- Improved emergency vehicle lighting, i.e. Red and Blue lights, headlight flashing system
- Siren speakers mounted near bumper bar height
- Electric rewind hose reels
- Increased hose reel length from 30 metres to 60 metres.
- Quick release (1/4 turn) hose couplings for small bore hose (25mm)
- Improved steps for access and egress from the appliance
- Class A foam systems installed on all firefighting appliances
- All steps and hand rails etc are coloured safety yellow
- Radiant heat shielding fitted to protect chassis components from flame
- Fire protection sleeving to protect critical elements of the chassis from fire
- Improved ergonomics around appliances in general
In all cases, evolutionary improvements result in improved firefighter safety, either directly (crew protection systems) or indirectly (reduced firefighter fatigue).
Type 34P deploying suppression sprays. The in-cabin thermal blinds can also be seen.
CFS Appliance Replacement Process
The SA Country Fire Service (CFS) attempts to maintain an appliance age profile of 20 years maximum and replace appliances approaching or at this age.
The process for purchasing new appliances is conducted via a 'Closed Tender' in which pre-qualified suppliers are invited to tender. This process occurs over three main parts:
- Closed Tenders are called for the supply of new cab chassis
- Closed Tenders are called for the supply of new pumps
- After the chassis´ and pumps have been decided, tenders are called for the construction of appliance bodies.
The CFS uses a risk management approach to determine the number and type of appliances that are placed in any given fire station. The document that provides this is the CFS Standards of Fire and Emergency Cover (SFEC).
The methodology behind this document considers many variable factors including the risks and hazards faced by a community that is protected by the CFS from fire and other emergencies. The SFEC prescribes a minimum level of volunteer staffing and equipment for each CFS Brigade.
There is recognition that community situations change from time to time and therefore the SFEC incorporates a process that enables CFS Brigades to seek a variation to the SFEC Brigade Prescription. A variation to a Brigade´s prescription may result in an increase in the level of resources provided to that Brigade in order to support the effort to protect the community. SFEC variations must be approved by the CFS Strategic Leadership Group.